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From Rouen in Normandy, Gilbert Putrel, the first Powdrell to come to Britain is recorded on the Falaise Roll as having fought at Hastings with William the Conqueror.  Nearly all Powdrells are descended from this one Norman knight, the exceptions, possibly, being the French Powtrels who, presumably, remained in or returned to Normandy.

Some Variants:
Peutrill, Potterail, Potterall, Potterill, Pottrill, Pouderale, Pouderel, Poudrel, Pouterel, Poutrel, Poutrell, Powderale, Powderill, Powdrill, Powderhill, Powdrell, Powdrill, Powtrel, Powtrell, Pultrel, Puterel, Puterill, Putrel, Puttrell, Putterill...

The Norman historian, Ordericus Vitalis, in his "Historia Ecclesiastica" refers (p.602) to a charter of the time of William 1st which records that the abbey of St Ebrulf in the diocese of Lisieux, Normandy, was granted certain tithes from lands by Robert Pultrel in Leicestershire. (This land was at Prestwold and Wymeswold and the Putrels held it of the abbey as late as 1346).


SO called from Turmod, some old Owner 'tis like. In it before the Conquest Leuvin and Elvod were rated at seven Bov. to the Tax for their Manor. The Land whereof was two Carucats. There Roger de Busli, whose Fee it was, had one Carucat, three Sochm. two Villans, two Bordars, having one Carucat and an Half; this in the Confessor’s Tirne was valued at 40s. in the Conqueror’s at 20s.

Here was another Manor of William Peverell's Fee, which before the Conquest, Stapleuvin (Owner also in Stapleford) had rated to the Geld at three Bov. 1-Third. - The Land one Car. There afterwards four Sochm. had one Car. and five Acres of Meadow. This kept the old Value 5s. 4d.

Here was another Parcel Soc to Edwalton of the Fee of Hugh de Greatmaisnill, rated to the public Tax at one Bov. and an Half. The Land was one Car. There were two Sochm., two Bordars, with two Carucats (or Plows) and three Acres of Meadew. It lay in Sandiricua (or Sandiacre) on the other side the Trent in Darbishire.

That of Buslie's Fee was held by the Family of Putrell, who had their Seat here, and continued Owners till 5 Jac. (1607) that Tho. Poutrell, and John his Brother, Sons Walter Poutrell, conveyed it to Gervase Pigot, Gent. Grandfather of Gerv. Pigot, Esq. the present Owner (1672). It was with Upton in the Clay, and some others the Fee of Raph Tilly, who 'tis likely enfeoffed Putrell.

Richard Putrell gave to God and the Church of St. Peter at Thurgarton, the Gift which Gilbert his Predecessor of Thurmeston gave, viz. Half a Carucat of Land of his Demesne, with a Dwelling-house, and a Common of Pasture. His Successors here usually paid the said Prior 5s. per Annum, for four Bovats of Land. and one Toft.

The third Part, or Share, it seems, went with Sandiacre, for Richard de Riston, Son of William, Son of Andrew de Rixton, conveyed three Bovats of Land into Turmodeston, to John, the Son of William de Leke (which continued long with that Family). To this Deed were Witnesses Peter de Sandiacre, Samson de Stretleg, Robert de Stapleford, Richard his Son, Richard Putrell, Richard his Son, Peter Son of Richard de Stanford, Richard de Trowell, Stephen Son of Richard de Kineston, Thomas and Anketill his Brothers, John de Touke, Robert Son of Gocelin, Raph Rossell, William de Boves, Roger de Bromley, Richard de Potloc, and others; it is sealed with his Image on horseback. And Albreda, the Daughter of Peter de Sandiacre, by another Deed, in the Custody also of Gervase Pigot, Esquire, passed likewise three Bovats. I suppose the same to the same person, and had the same Witnesses.

Reginald Mare was certified to hold tvelve Bovats in Thurmodeston worth 6os. Which he bought of Reginald Basset; and John de Leke three Bovats worth 15s. by Richard de Rixton. Reginald Marc gave his to the Knight's Hospitallers; and there he is said to be infeoffed by Richard de Risseton.

This from Thoroton's Nottinghamshire (sent by Mrs Norman)

Mrs Norman
[William II Rufus]
[Henry I Beauclerc]
[Adeliza of Louvain]
[Matilda the Empress]
[de Montmorency, Hervey, Constable]
[FitzEmpress, Henry II Curtmantle]
[Henry the Young King]
[Margaret of France, Queen Consort]
1185 In 1185 the advowson (right to select the incumbent) to the church at Wymeswold, Leicestershire, was granted by Robert FitzRanulf to Beauchief Abbey, Sheffield. This was in reparation for the part he played in the plot to murder Thomas a Beckett in 1170. A little later, Robert Putrel (f1 1185), a local landowner, claimed the patronage of the church for himself but was forced to recognise the priority of the abbey. Mrs Norman

[Richard I Coeur de Lion]

1210 Reginald Basset and Richard Puterel released all their Right and Claim to the Advowson of the Church of Thurmodeston by Fine, 12 Joh. (1210) to Ranulph, Prior of Norton, and his Successors. Peverell's Part was held by the Family of Stapleford, of Heriz, Lord also of that Place, with the Heir female whereof it descended to Teverey, being three Messuages, twenty-one Bovats, and twenty Acres of Meadow.  
1211 Goada, daughter of John Knowles, married Steven Worley, son of the Earl of Huntingdon.  This is the earliest mention of the Donnington branch of the Knowles family. Mrs Pollard 

Robert Powtrell is recorded as the lord of the manor in (nearby) Cotes and Prestwold
[Henry III].

Mrs Norman
1260 Aymo de Trunberch, Knt. (who married one of the Heirs of ---Tilly) confirmed, 45 H. III. (1260) to Henry, the Son of Henry Putrell, and to Guillimina his Wife, six Virgats in Thurmeton. On his Seal is a Chief, charged with three Roundels. Thoroton
1261 Sir Henry Putrell, of Thormoudeston, Knt. (Thrumpton) granted three Virgats of Land to Henry his Son, for three Score Marks of Silver, to acquit him from Judaisme, (Usury). Mrs Norman 

Powtrell ArmsHenry Putrell, with the Consent of Willimina his Wife, settled the capital Mess. and eight Virgats of arable Land, in Thurmeton, upon Robert his Son and in Defect. of Heirs of him, to Henry, Geoffry, Richard, and Walter, his other Sons respectively, and their Heirs, paying the said Henry, their Father £20 per Annum, during his Life.

[Edward I (Longshanks)]
[Edward II of Caernarvon]
1318 Robert Putrell, of Thurmeton. 12 E. 2. (1318) settled upon Geoffrey, his Son, and Joan, his said Son's Wife.  

[Edward III]
John and Robert Powdrell recorded in Kegworth in the Table of Knights' Fees.

A unit of Feudal Tenure, the Knight's Fee, originally used as a straightforward measure of land, had become the basic measure of Knight's service due as applied to the individual Baron as opposed to his property. In other words, two Barons, both due e.g. ten Knights' Fees, might actually hold different amounts of land. The basic service in the field, due of the individual knight was a minimum of 40 days per year - a bit like the Territorials. I understand it to have originally been a practical "measure" of the land supposedly needed to support one knight+horse+wife, in pretty much the same way as a carucate was a practical measure of ploughable land (one plough year - approx 120 acres). This is the familiar meaning of the term but, just to catch out newbie geneologists like myself, Fees were also paid by all knights who continued to participate in tournament, the practice of which was now discouraged by the King partly because of the unnecessary loss of life and especially since it had become more of a public spectacle than anything else. The knights maintained that without the practice, the horses would not be prepared for battle.

Mrs Norman
1351 It was by the jury at Thrumpton, 20 Dec. 25 E. 3. (1351) returned not to be to the King's Loss, if he granted the Prior and Brethren of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, in England, License to give their Manor of Thurmeston, to Sir John Waleis, Knt. in Exchange for the Manor of Dalby, in the County of Leicester; and that here was then one Messuage, with a Close adjoining worth 16s. one Hundred and fifteen Acres of arable Land worth so many Shillings; twelve Acres of Meadow, 2s. the Acre, and 24s. yearly Rent; and that Hugh de Meyvill had the Mesnalty of the Manor of T'hurmeton, between John Waleis and the King. Thoroton
1364 John Munchensy, 38 E. 3. (1364) settled on Geoffrey, Son of Robert Putrell, and on Agnes, his Wife; and after the Death of Geoffrey, to Richard Putrell who was a very considerable Man, and some Kind of Receiver under King Edward the Third. He died, 1 H. 4. [1399] without Issue. His Seal is a Fesse between three Cinquefoiles. Thoroton
[Richard II]
[Plantagenet, Henry IV]
[Plantagenet, Henry V]

Agincourt - (Proof positive that history can be a bit muddy). John Poutrell, apparently, took prisoners, at Agincourt, worth 96 bonds?? in ransom (see image below - 1434). 500 years later, his descendent, Daniel Grainger, was fighting at the Somme (still muddy)!

1415 John Laverok, of Chadesden, and Agnes his Wife, Daughter and Heir of Edmund Poutrell, Brother and Heir of Richard Poutrell, Son and Heir of Geoffrey, Brother and Heir of Robert Poutrell, Son and Heir of Henry Poutrell, and Willimina his Wife, passed, 2 H: 5. (1415) all their Right in Thrumpton, to Sir Ralph Shirley. But there was another Claim which carried it, viz. Henry Putrell had issue Robert, he Geoffrey his Son and Heir, whose Son and Heir was Richard, whose Brother and Heir Thomas Poutrell, had a Daughter and Heir, called Isabel, from whom Thomas Smith, of Breydeston, claimed as her Son and Heir; and after him, 3 E. 4.(1464) Thomas Poutrel his Son and Heir. Thoroton
(Mrs Norman)
1429 [Plantagenet, Henry VI]  

13 Henry VI - Receipt by Thomas Leuesham, king's remembrancer, to John Poutrell for 96 bonds relating to the ransom of prisoners taken at Agincourt.
John Poudrell - Agincourt Prisoners Ransom Receipt

Nat. Archives
E 101/53/7
1455 St Alban's (first battle)  
[Plantagenet, Edward IV]  
1464 Thomas Powdrell, who was married to Katherine Cotton de Ridware, being the son and heir of Thomas Smith, of Breydeston, inherited Thrumpton. Thoroton
(Mrs Norman)
1467 "Maud, who had been Wife of Sir Gervase Clifton, Cousin, and one of the Heirs of Ralph Cromwell, late of Cromwell, Knt. and Robert Ratcliff, and Joan, his Wife, cousin, and the other of the Heirs of the said Ralph, convey by Fine, 7 E. 4. (1467) the Manor of West-Hallam, with the Appurtenances, one Mess. two Bovats, four Acres of Meadow, and fifty of Pasture, with the Appurtenances in West-Hallam and Bapurley, and the Advowson of the Church of West-Hallam, to Thomas Poutrell, Ralph Fitz-Herberd, and William Poutrell, and the Heirs of Thomas Poutrell. West-Hallam is still the Seat of the Family in Derbishire." Thoroton
(Mrs Norman)

[Plantagenet, Edward V]
[Plantagenet, Richard III]

[Tudor, Henry VII]
[Tudor, Henry VIII]

Luther's "Thurmerlebenis"
Luther's theses against Indulgences.

Luther's attack upon the abuses within the Church soon found widespread favour. Although he is still widely believed to have been a reformer, a reform of the church does not appear to have been his intention and it certainly was not what he achieved. Maybe I've been reading from the wrong sources - I'm interested in the history but I'm not a Catholic (nor anything else) - but his efforts seem to have been directed not inward to push for reform but outward i.e. appealing to the public, to challenge and to undermine that which was the real focus of his resentment: the authority of the church.

The Church, by its failure to deal with practices which were open to corruption, had left itself vulnerable to such an attack and, had his campaign been directed toward the Church leaders rather than the public, Luther's rejection of Indulgences could certainly have been construed as an attempt to push for reform but his subsequent actions seem to betray, rather, a commonplace resentment of authority. An unconscious agenda of self-aggrandisement by rebellion against that authority soon becomes evident. He rejects the Mass, Transubstantiation, vows of chastity, pilgrimages, fasts, the Sacraments, the powers of the priesthood, and the jurisdiction and supremacy of the Pope.

At the core of it all, he premised the doctrine of individual judgment upon which the so-called reformed church is based - a sort of DIY morality - the idea being firstly an implicit rejection of the value of the structures and foundations of the RC Church, of its traditions and continuity since the days of Christ, together with the establishment of the written word as the only valid source of Christian teaching i.e. that any man of "faith" can properly interpret the scriptures for himself. The obvious contradiction was that, like Henry Ford, who offered to supply any colour of car provided it was black, Luther advocated individual judgement, provided the individual's judgement agreed with his own.

1517 Birth of Thomas Powtrell (West Hallam), parents: John Powtrell and Margaret Strelley, daughter and co-heir of John Strelley, eldest son of Sir Robert Strelley of Strelley, by Sanchia, daughter of Sir Richard Willoughby. Mrs Norman
June 1520

Leo X. published the Bull, Exsurge Domine giving Luther sixty days to submit to Papal authority before being excommunicated.

1529 Wolsey fails to gain the Pope's agreement to Henry's divorce from Catherine of Aragon.  
1532 In 1532, Cranmer promoted to Archbishop of Canterbury.  
1532-8 Nicholas Strelley, knight, great-grandson and heir of Robert Strelley, esquire. v. Thomas (John) Powtrell, esquire, descended from the same Robert.: Messuages and land in Trowell. Answer &c. mutilated.: Nottingham. Nat. Archives
C 1/898/50-53
1534 The Act of Supremacy declared that the king was the only supreme head of the "Church of England" At a stroke, the potential for a nation of traitors is created, the choice being between becoming a traitor to the Crown or to the Church. Put another way, from the point of view of the Catholic population (which, at that time, theoretically, meant 95% of the country), you can risk losing your life or you can risk losing your soul. (Only the most influencial were called upon to swear acceptance of the Act of Succession. Naturally, most, though not all, chose to save their lives).  
1535 Sir Thomas More executed for "treason." (complete online text)  
7 July 1543 An act that Sir John Markham, Thomas Powtrell, William Sacheverell and Nicholas Strelley in the right of their wives being daughters and heiresses of John Strelley esquire, shall hold to them and to the heirs of their said wives divers manors lands and tenements in the counties of Nottingham and Derbyshire Act: 34 & 35 Hen VIII c 39 nat archives
7 Nov 1543 Death of John Powtrell of West Hallam (his will is dated 30 Nov 1541). Thomas Powtrell  
28 Oct 1544 36 Hen VIII - Poutrell, John: Derby (Inquisition Post Mortem) see also Nat. Archives ref: E 150/1224/9 Nat. Archives
C 142/71/94
[Tudor, Edward VI]
[Mary I]
[Grey, Jane]
1557 Birth, at Kegworth, of Nicholas and John Powdrell.
Birth, at Kegworth, of Isobel and John Powdrell.
Mrs Norman 
1558  Birth, at Kegworth, of Robert Powdrell.  
[Queen Elizabeth]
Mrs Norman 
1559 Act of Supremacy: Monarch supreme governor of Church of England, clergy to take oath of supremacy on pain of deprivation.
Act of Uniformity: imposed Book of Common Prayer, one shilling fine for failure to attend church on Sunday.
Recusant Historian's Handbook
19Aug 1561 [Mary Queen of Scots arrives at Leith]  
1564 Marriage, at Kegworth,  of Thomas Powdrell and Margaret Wood. Mrs Norman 
[Murder of Rizzio] - by (amongst others ) Tweedie of Drumelzier.   Tweedie's name is on the first indictment but (typically)  it has mysteriously disappeared by the time it goes to court.  Michael Forbes 
18 Sept. 1566 Derbys & Notts. estates.
Agreement whereby Thomas Powtrell of West Hallam arranges to convey to George Shyrley of Staunton Harold, John Willughble of Risley, esq., Robert Bricksble of Sholby esq., and Ralph Sacheverell of Stanton (Derbys.) esq., the manors of West Hallam and 'Breidstoun' and all his lands tenements etc., in the same and in Mapperley, Stanley Grange, Stanly and Draycot, Lacy Fields in Heanor (Derbys.) and the manors of Chilwell and Thrumpton and lands etc., in the same and in Bramcote, Attenborough and Eastwood (Notts.) to be held to the following uses: Breidston manor and all property in the same, and all messuages, lands etc., in Eastwood, Lacy Fields, and Langley to the use of John Powtrell, younger brother of Thomas for his life, and then to his widow (if he marries) if she survives him and remains unmarried. The reversion is to be to Thomas Poutrell and his heirs male (detailed provision) together with the remainder of the property, and in default to John Powtrell and his heirs male, and in default to the daughters of Thomas and their heirs. Provision for 21 year leases, for the granting by Thomas of annuities not exceeding an annual value of £20 each, and the conveying of property to John Powtrell and for the cancelling of the present indenture.
ref. 26D53/303

[Mary Queen of Scots defeated at Carberry Hill - later imprisonned in Lochleven Castle, Kinross]
Heatheryford, Kinross, claimed by the current owners to be one of the meeting places of Mary Queen of Scots and John Knox during the time of her imprisonment in Lochleven Castle.
[Lochleven Castle, Kinross - Mary forced to agree to abdication in favour of James]
2-5-1568 [Mary escapes from Lochleven Castle] -
1575 Marriage of John Powdrell - children: (from will of 1617) Robert; John; Marjory; Lawrence; Edward; Elizabeth  (Kegworth).  Mrs Norman 
1579 William, son of Robert Powdrell, buried, aged 18 (Kegworth). Mrs Norman 
1579  Death of (11xGGFather) John Powdrell of Lockington, physician.
His will is very difficult to read but one line - "should fortune remain of unfavour" - may, if that is what it says!, refer to the persecution of the recusant (Catholic) families. (He notes that his body is to be buried within the grounds of Thrumpton).
Mrs Norman 
10Jan1581 Proclamation making it a crime to harbour a Jesuit.  

Some flavour of the times can be had from the following excerpt (mentioning John's brother, Walter Powdrell) from the book Vaux of Harriden.

On 29 October the Privy Council ordered the Attorney General and others to examine Campion and the other prisoners in the Tower "upon certain matters, and to put them unto the rack." This was carried out on the 31st, and Campion was so brutally dealt with that three weeks later he was still unable to lift up his hand. It was after this racking that, asked how he felt his hands and feet, he replied: "Not ill, because not at all." On 7 November Mendoza writes that Campion has not yet been brought to trial "as he is all dislocated and cannot move." It was not until 14th November that he and his companions were arraigned. They all pleaded not guilty.

The following day, Wednesdav 15th, Lord Vaux and the other prisoners were brought to the Star Chamber. Among those present were Sir Thomas Bromley, Lord Chancellor, The Earl of Sussex (Thomas Radcliffe), The Earl of Leicester (Robert Dudley), Sir Walter Mildmay, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir Christopher Wray, Chief Justice of England, Sir James Dyer, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, Sir Roger Manwood, Chief Baron, and Sir Francis Knolles, Treasurer of the Queen's Household.

"The prisoners at the bar were Lord Vaux, Sir Thomas Tresham, Mr Walter Powdrell, of Hallam (Derby), Mrs. Jane Griffin, of Bucks., and her husband's brother, Mr. Ambrose Griffin. All these came from the Fleet together, and were brought to the bar between nine and ten o'clock in the morning. Sir William Catesby was brought from the King's Bench; whose warning of coming thither was very late. The Lord Vaux and Sir Thomas Tresham had been heard before his coming to the Star Chamber.

"The Queen's Counsel was Popham the Attorney-General, Egerton the Solicitor-General and Mr. Serjeant Anderson. After the usual tirade against the Pope, Popham proceeded to the charge of contempt of court. Then against the lord Vaux, Sir Thomas Tresham and Sir William Catesby, Popham further did give in evidence that they being examined thereof did deny it; who being required by the counsel to confirm it by an oath, refused it; who then charged them, upon their allegiance to swear, but they refused it: whereupon he urged the contempt, but he neither produced for it warrant of law or precedent . . .

"The evidence read in that behalf was a confession of Mr. Campion's at the rack, the [blank] of August last etc. before the lieutenant of the Tower, Norton and Hammon. The content whereof was that he had been at the house of the Lord Vaux sundry times, at Sir Thomas Tresham's house, at Mr. Griffin's of Northamptonshire where also the Lady Tresham then was, and at the house of Sir W illiam Catesby, where Sir Thomas Tresham and his lady then was. Also at one time when he was at the Lord Vaux's he said that the Lord Compton was there, but not mentioning conference with them or the like.

"Mr Powdrell admitted harbouring Campion but protested it was the 8th January not the 12th, as Lord Shrewsbury (who examined him) had set down.  This was important for the proclamation against the Jesuits was published on January 12th.  But he denied that he came "to the latter ending of the Mass," but said, "I have received Mr Campion.  I have confessed it and I have not offended therein for bestowing a night’s lodgings on him who sometimes did read to me at University and in whom I never did know evil."
[This from Burghley's notes] "... Powdrell gent. himself confesses to being with Gervase Pierrepoint and Gilbert after Christmas last when Campion said Mass."

"Powdrell fined 30 marks (about £350) and sentenced to a year in the Fleet Prison."

Walter Powdrell of West Hallam is one of the brothers of (11xGGF) John Powdrell of Lockington, (1579) the physician. Thoroton doesn't list all of the family of Thomas Powdrell and Dorethy Basset (only naming Walter) but Mrs Norman has found that there were several children and John, it would appear, was one of these. Anyway, it was Walter's sons, Thomas and John, who conveyed Thrumpton to Gervase Pigot after the Gunpowder Plot. Also interesting, perhaps, that Walter and his wife Cassandra died on the same day.

Sent by Mrs Norman -  
"Vaux of Harriden" by Geoffrey Anstruther
20 Dec. 1586 Contents Notts. & Derbys. Agreement between Walter Powtrell of West Hallam, esq., and Francis Beamounte of Grace Dieu esq., Henry Beamounte of Derby, esq., and John Burbage of West Hallam yeoman, that in consid. of making a provision for Powtrell's daughters, that the manor of Trowell and Bramcote (Notts.) and all lands, tenement etc., in the same and in Wilsthorpe, Spondon, Markeworth, Markeaton, and Allestree, (Derbys.) shall be held to the use of Walter Powtrell for life and then to the use of Eleanor, Dorothe and Jane Powtrell his daughters (if they attain the age of 21), provided that if George Shyrley of Ragdale, esq., William Eyre late of West Hallam, gent., and William Torleton of West Hallam, yeoman shall release all actions of debt etc., unto Walter, or if Thomas Powtrell, eldest son of Walter, or any of Walter's male heirs shall pay the daughters each 500 marks as soon as they reach the age of 21 or within 6 years after, and shall also pay them £10 yearly while the sum of 500 marks remains unpaid after they have reached the age of 21, that then the estate of Walter Powtrell and his daus. in the property shall cease and it shall be seized to the use of Walter Powtrell, his heirs and assigns. 3 seals lacking. ref. 26D53/89
8Feb1587  [Mary Queen of Scots beheaded] -

Feb 1857

Talbot Papers - Folio 123
John Harpur to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Earl Marshal and Privy Councillor, n.p1. [Swarkeston], 4 February 1587/8. On the receipt of the Earl's letters, he went to Mickleover and found [Philip] Draycott in bed. Draycott declared himself no recusant but Harpur insisted upon him and his wife attending a service in church. He went on, with the Earl's servant, Thomas Ball, to the house of Mr. Powtrell, which was locked - Powtrell said it was because of suits for £10,000 between him and Thomas Markham - but Mrs. Powtrell, her gentlewoman and two servants were away overnight; Mr. Powtrell said that he did not know where they were. At Sawley, Mrs. Edmundson was away, according to her daughter visiting her sick brother in Rutlandshire. Harpur suspects that these people were forewarned because Mr. Manners and Mr. Leake [cf. folio 121] began their searches the day before. He did not go for William Brownlow, because he knows that his absence from church is not for recusancy but for fear of executions for debt. He has seen [John Manners, fourth] Earl of Rutland twice in the last week and knows that 400 men are raised in Nottinghamshire and others could be ready at short notice; he advises the Earl to be as ready in his lieutenancy. 2pp. Endorsed. (Printed in part, Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), ii.342)

ref. MS.3204
1587 Marriage of (10xGGF) Thomas Powdrell (son of John Powdrell of Lockington) and Mable Haliday of Long Whatton.  Mrs Norman 
16Sep1598 Walter Powdrell and Cassandra, his wife, daughter of Francis Shirley of Staunton Harold, Leicestershire, died 16th September 1598. Mrs Norman 
23 Nov. 1598 Derbys. & Notts.
Crown grant, with assent and consent of Royal Court of Wards and Liveries, to Stephen Piers, Gentleman of the Wardrobe, of wardship and marriage of Thos. Powtrell, son and heir of Walter Powtrell dec., with annuity of £3. Accompanied by extent of the estates of the late Walter Powtrell in Derbs. and Notts., and valuation, taken 25 Sept. 1598, Thos. Powtrell being of the age of 20 years.
ref. 26D53/2584
17 May
43 Eliz. I

Indenture, feoffment, marriage settlement.
1) Thomas Powtrell of West Hallam Derbs., esq.
2) John Manners of Nether Haddon Derbs., esq. Reciting indenture of 9 Nov. 1599:-
1) Thomas Powtrell, as above.
2) George Shirley of Staunton Leics., esq. John Willoughbie of Risley Derbs., esq. Robert Brokesbie of Sholbie Leics., esq. Raphe Sacheverell of Staunton (?) (DD.), esq. Reciting will of Walter Powtrell, father of (1), devising property to younger son John, and his future wife, and to (1) and heirs in tail male, now (1) agreed to convey to (2) manors of West Hallam and Breidston Derbs., and lands in same and Maperley, Stanley Grange, Stanley Dreicott, and Laciefeilde in Heinor Derbs., and manors of Chillwell and Thrumpton, with lands in same and Bramcott, Adenborough, and Eastwait Notts., to stand seised of same, the manor and lands of Breidston, messuage and lands in Eastwait alias Eastwood and 2 fields called Laciefeilds in Langley, to be to use of (1)'s brother John, for life, then his widow, then as specified, rest of lands and manors to use of (1) for life, then heirs in tail, otherwise to J.P. and heirs in tail, otherwise to Ellioner, Dorothie, or Jane Powtrell, sisters of T.P., in tail, subject to alteration by appointment of T.P. of provisions for lands settled upon him. Now (1601), for marriage of T.P. and Ellioner, daughter of Sir Thomas Manners, knt., (dec. brother of J.M.), annulment of above settlement, and for £1000, J.P. to J.M. Stanley Grange, with tithes Derbs., and manor of Chillwell, and lands in Stanley, Chillwell, Adenborough and Bramcott, to use of T.P. and E.M. and heirs in tail. Sig. and armorial seal of T.P. Lacking livery of seisin endorsement. Endorsed: "Thomas Powtrell, Esq. his Settemt. of the Mannors of West Hallam etc Upon his Marr' with Mrs Eleanor Manners"

ref. DD/FM/82/1
March 1603 [Accession of James VI]  -
1604-5  Listed in "Freemen of Leicester": Robert Powdrell, apothocary, son of John Powdrell, physician.  Mrs Norman 
  [Gunpowder plot]  
Acte for the Attaindors of divers Offendors in the late moste barbarous monstrous detestable and damnable Treasons...   
The religious rhetoric of the time concealed a very real struggle for power and the main aim of government, up until the early 1600’s, was to break the influence of the powerful Catholic families.  This, in 1605, they finally succeeded in doing with the help of Guy Fawlkes!  There is no conclusive evidence that the "plot" to blow up the Houses of  Parliament was, as some historians suspect, of Government origin but it is unlikely that the popular view of the conspiracy is even an approximation of the truth. A closer examination of the evidence reveals many inconsistencies in the official version of the events.  Whoever was responsible for its conception, the timely "discovery" of the plot certainly resulted in the effective destruction of the power of the Catholic families in the country.  For nearly 400 years, Britain has celebrated Guy Fawlkes Night on the 5th of November, with fireworks and bonfires to burn the "Guy". 
The priesthole in Thrumpton Hall where Father Garnet took refuge after the discovery of the plot..
The priest-hole in Thrumpton where Father Garnet had allegedly been concealed.

One of the so-called "conspirators" and, as the leader of the Roman Catholics in Britain, one of the government’s principal targets, was leading Jesuit, Father Garnet.  Powtrell ArmsThe Powdrells' part in the affair seems to be that, at some point, prior to the discovery of the plot, they had concealed him in a priesthole in their home, Thrumpton Hall, in consequence of which, an Act of Attainder was allegedly brought against the family [at this point, - March 2006 - I haven't seen any record of the Act].  They were fined a sum equivalent to the value of their entire property (Thrumpton was then sold to one Gervase Pigot, who was later to become High Sheriff of Nottingham) and the Powdrells, and their descendants, allegedly lost the right to bear the Powdrell Coat of Arms (or to display it on a web page).

(Act of Attainder) - House of Lords  

Father Garnet was eventually hung.   King James, by his Letters Patent, dated 9th July, in the second Year of his Reign, granted to Gervase Pigot, Gent. the Rectory of Ratcliff-on-Sore, in Thrumpton, and the Chapel of Thrumpton, with all the Rights and Appurtenances, &c.





Thrumpton Hall in Nottinghamshire was the Powdrell family seat for some 500 years. I understand it was materially improved by Gervase Pigot. It's near Kegworth, Leicestershire, and now owned by the Seymour family - descendents of Jane Seymour's brother.



1614-15 Listed in "Freemen of Leicester": John Powdrell, apothocary, son of John Powdrell, physician.  Mrs Norman 
1616 [Death of Shakespeare.]  -
1617 Will of John Powdrell (of Kegworth) - leaves, to his children, £50 pound to each (& a ewe and a lamb to his grandson) and "my land in Longwhatton."  Mrs Norman 
6Nov1617  Charter of the land of Quothquan to Janet Tweedie, daughter of John Tweedie, tutor of Drummelzier:-  
        (Entry no. 1701) Apud Edinburgh, 6 Nov (1617) 
REX concessit JONETE TWEDIE filie et heredi quondam Joannis T. tutoris de Drummelzear,, heritibus ejus et assignatis (redimablies infra septennium), - terras de Over et Nether Quodquennis, in baronia de Carnewatht, vic. Lanerk; - que fuerunt Roberti Chancellar de Scheilhill, filii et heredis quondam Willelmi C.; et 6 Mar. 1617 appreciate fuerunt pro 318 lib. dicte Jon. Debitis, et pro 15 libris 18 sol. pro feudo Thomas Moffet nuncii, vicecomitis in hac parte; prout in processu appreciationis sub signo et subscriptione M. Francisci Hay notarii publici scribe signeto regio, dicti processus clerici, contentum est:-  
Test. Ut in aliis cartis &c       P.R. ii. 30.  
John Tweedie, the tutor of Drummelzier, who was granted the land of Quothquan by James VI, was the brother of Sir Walter Tweedie (i.e. the son of Sir John Tweedie of Drummelzier).  
According to Andrew Tweedie, we are definately of the Quothquan family but that depends upon our David Tweedie having come from Libberton, Lanark.  The Quothquan origins of our branch of the Tweedie mafia are, therefore,  by no means certain.  The Liberton, Midlothian theory (Clare West) is, I think, more credible and well worth more research - which is a shame because, before we knew any better, we got a hold of a copy of the Quothquan charter.
Great Seal   
[51 Jac VI]   
No. 1701   
Page 61  

"History of the Tweedies"  by Michael   
Forbes Tweedie  

Andr Tweedie 
1620 Will of  (10xGGF) Thomas Darker of Kegworth - leaves money to "my daughter Sibella Powdrel, wife of (9xGGF) Thomas Powdrel" and £300 to the hospital in Leicester.  Mrs Norman 
1623 Marriage, at Shepshed, of (8xGGF) John Powdrell ( son of Thomas and Sibellia) and Elizabeth Bennett Mrs Norman 
20Jan1623 Birth of Sibellia Powdrell, parents: John Powdrell and Eliz. Bennet  Mrs Norman 
27Jun1624 Death of Sibellia, wife of Thomas Powdrell. (burial recorded).  
Birth of (7xGGF) Thomas Powdrell, parents: John Powdrell and Eliz Bennet.
Mrs Norman 
27Mar1625  [Accession of Charles 1st.]  -
2Nov1626 Marriage, at Castle Donnington, of (8xGGF) John Knowles and Margerie Howson -
1628 Death of Thomas Powdrell Snr (burial recorded) Mrs Norman 
20Nov1628 Triplets:  Robert, Mary & Elizabeth (all died), parents: John Powdrell and Elizabeth Bennet.  (All three baptised, 20th, buried 21st)  Mrs Norman 
1631 Birth of  John Powdrell, parents: John Powdrell and Elizabeth Bennett. Mrs Norman 

[Execution of Charles I.]

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