date format: dd-mm-yyyy
in Normandy, Gilbert Putrel, the first Powdrell to come
to Britain is recorded on the Falaise Roll as having fought at
Hastings with William the Conqueror. Nearly all Powdrells
are descended from this one Norman knight, the
exceptions, possibly, being the French Powtrels who, presumably,
remained in or returned to Normandy.
Peutrill, Potterail, Potterall, Potterill, Pottrill, Pouderale,
Pouderel, Poudrel, Pouterel, Poutrel, Poutrell, Powderale, Powderill,
Powdrill, Powderhill, Powdrell, Powdrill, Powtrel, Powtrell, Pultrel,
Puterel, Puterill, Putrel, Puttrell, Putterill...
The Norman historian, Ordericus Vitalis, in his
"Historia Ecclesiastica" refers (p.602) to a charter of the time
of William 1st which records that the abbey of St Ebrulf in the
diocese of Lisieux, Normandy, was granted certain tithes from
lands by Robert Pultrel in Leicestershire. (This land was at Prestwold
and Wymeswold and the Putrels held it of the abbey as late as
THRUMPTON (DOOMSDAY, TURMODESTON)
SO called from Turmod, some old Owner 'tis like.
In it before the Conquest Leuvin and Elvod were rated at seven
Bov. to the Tax for their Manor. The Land whereof was two Carucats.
There Roger de Busli, whose Fee it was, had one Carucat, three
Sochm. two Villans, two Bordars, having one Carucat and an Half;
this in the Confessor’s Tirne was valued at 40s. in the Conqueror’s
Here was another Manor of William Peverell's
Fee, which before the Conquest, Stapleuvin (Owner also in Stapleford)
had rated to the Geld at three Bov. 1-Third. - The Land one Car.
There afterwards four Sochm. had one Car. and five Acres of Meadow.
This kept the old Value 5s. 4d.
Here was another Parcel Soc to Edwalton of the
Fee of Hugh de Greatmaisnill, rated to the public Tax at one Bov.
and an Half. The Land was one Car. There were two Sochm., two
Bordars, with two Carucats (or Plows) and three Acres of Meadew.
It lay in Sandiricua (or Sandiacre) on the other side the Trent
That of Buslie's Fee was held by the Family
of Putrell, who had their Seat here, and continued Owners till
5 Jac. (1607) that Tho. Poutrell, and
John his Brother, Sons Walter Poutrell, conveyed it to Gervase
Pigot, Gent. Grandfather of Gerv. Pigot, Esq. the present Owner
(1672). It was with Upton in the Clay, and some others the Fee
of Raph Tilly, who 'tis likely enfeoffed Putrell.
Richard Putrell gave to God and the Church
of St. Peter at Thurgarton, the Gift which Gilbert his
Predecessor of Thurmeston gave, viz. Half a Carucat of Land of
his Demesne, with a Dwelling-house, and a Common of Pasture. His
Successors here usually paid the said Prior 5s. per Annum, for
four Bovats of Land. and one Toft.
third Part, or Share, it seems, went with Sandiacre, for Richard
de Riston, Son of William, Son of Andrew de Rixton, conveyed three
Bovats of Land into Turmodeston, to John, the Son of William de
Leke (which continued long with that Family). To this Deed were
Witnesses Peter de Sandiacre, Samson de Stretleg, Robert de Stapleford,
Richard his Son, Richard Putrell, Richard his Son,
Peter Son of Richard de Stanford, Richard de Trowell, Stephen
Son of Richard de Kineston, Thomas and Anketill his Brothers,
John de Touke, Robert Son of Gocelin, Raph Rossell, William de
Boves, Roger de Bromley, Richard de Potloc, and others; it is
sealed with his Image on horseback. And Albreda, the Daughter
of Peter de Sandiacre, by another Deed, in the Custody also of
Gervase Pigot, Esquire, passed likewise three Bovats. I suppose
the same to the same person, and had the same Witnesses.
Reginald Mare was certified to hold tvelve Bovats
in Thurmodeston worth 6os. Which he bought of Reginald Basset;
and John de Leke three Bovats worth 15s. by Richard de Rixton.
Reginald Marc gave his to the Knight's Hospitallers; and there
he is said to be infeoffed by Richard de Risseton.
This from Thoroton's Nottinghamshire
(sent by Mrs Norman)
|[William II Rufus]
[Henry I Beauclerc]
[Adeliza of Louvain]
[Matilda the Empress]
[de Montmorency, Hervey, Constable]
[FitzEmpress, Henry II Curtmantle]
[Henry the Young King]
[Margaret of France, Queen Consort]
||In 1185 the advowson (right to select
the incumbent) to the church at Wymeswold, Leicestershire, was granted
by Robert FitzRanulf to Beauchief Abbey, Sheffield. This was in reparation
for the part he played in the plot to murder Thomas a Beckett in 1170.
A little later, Robert Putrel (f1 1185), a local landowner, claimed
the patronage of the church for himself but was forced to recognise
the priority of the abbey.
[Richard I Coeur de Lion]
||Reginald Basset and Richard Puterel released
all their Right and Claim to the Advowson of the Church of Thurmodeston
by Fine, 12 Joh. (1210) to Ranulph, Prior of Norton, and his Successors.
Peverell's Part was held by the Family of Stapleford, of Heriz, Lord
also of that Place, with the Heir female whereof it descended to Teverey,
being three Messuages, twenty-one Bovats, and twenty Acres of Meadow.
||Goada, daughter of John Knowles, married Steven
Worley, son of the Earl of Huntingdon. This is the earliest
mention of the Donnington
branch of the Knowles family.
Robert Powtrell is recorded
as the lord of the manor in (nearby) Cotes and Prestwold
||Aymo de Trunberch,
Knt. (who married one of the Heirs of ---Tilly) confirmed, 45 H. III.
(1260) to Henry, the Son of Henry Putrell, and to Guillimina
his Wife, six Virgats in Thurmeton. On his Seal is a Chief, charged
with three Roundels.
Putrell, of Thormoudeston, Knt. (Thrumpton) granted three Virgats
of Land to Henry his Son, for three Score Marks of Silver,
to acquit him from Judaisme, (Usury).
Putrell, with the Consent of Willimina his Wife, settled
the capital Mess. and eight Virgats of arable Land, in Thurmeton,
upon Robert his Son and in Defect. of Heirs of him, to Henry,
Geoffry, Richard, and Walter, his other Sons respectively, and their
Heirs, paying the said Henry, their Father £20 per Annum,
during his Life.
[Edward II of Caernarvon]
Putrell, of Thurmeton. 12 E. 2. (1318) settled upon Geoffrey,
his Son, and Joan, his said Son's Wife.
John and Robert Powdrell recorded in Kegworth in the Table of Knights'
A unit of Feudal Tenure, the Knight's
Fee, originally used as a straightforward measure of land, had become
the basic measure of Knight's service due as applied to the individual
Baron as opposed to his property. In other words, two Barons, both
due e.g. ten Knights' Fees, might actually hold different amounts
of land. The basic service in the field, due of the individual knight
was a minimum of 40 days per year - a bit like the Territorials.
I understand it to have originally been a practical "measure"
of the land supposedly needed to support one knight+horse+wife,
in pretty much the same way as a carucate was a practical
measure of ploughable land (one plough year - approx 120 acres).
This is the familiar meaning
of the term but, just to catch out newbie geneologists like myself,
Fees were also paid by all knights who continued to participate
in tournament, the practice of which was now discouraged by the
King partly because of the unnecessary loss of life and especially
since it had become more of a public spectacle than anything else.
The knights maintained that without the practice, the horses would
not be prepared for battle.
||It was by the jury at
Thrumpton, 20 Dec. 25 E. 3. (1351) returned not to be to the King's
Loss, if he granted the Prior and Brethren of the Hospital of St.
John of Jerusalem, in England, License to give their Manor of Thurmeston,
to Sir John Waleis, Knt. in Exchange for the Manor of Dalby, in the
County of Leicester; and that here was then one Messuage, with a Close
adjoining worth 16s. one Hundred and fifteen Acres of arable Land
worth so many Shillings; twelve Acres of Meadow, 2s. the Acre, and
24s. yearly Rent; and that Hugh de Meyvill had the Mesnalty of the
Manor of T'hurmeton, between John Waleis and the King.
|| John Munchensy, 38 E.
3. (1364) settled on Geoffrey, Son of Robert Putrell,
and on Agnes, his Wife; and after the Death of Geoffrey,
to Richard Putrell who was a very considerable Man, and some Kind
of Receiver under King Edward the Third. He died, 1 H. 4.  without
Issue. His Seal is a Fesse between three Cinquefoiles.
[Plantagenet, Henry IV]
[Plantagenet, Henry V]
(Proof positive that history can be a bit muddy). John Poutrell,
apparently, took prisoners, at
Agincourt, worth 96 bonds?? in ransom (see image below - 1434).
500 years later, his descendent, Daniel
Grainger, was fighting at the Somme (still muddy)!
of Chadesden, and Agnes his Wife, Daughter and Heir of Edmund Poutrell,
Brother and Heir of Richard Poutrell, Son and Heir of Geoffrey, Brother
and Heir of Robert Poutrell, Son and Heir of Henry Poutrell,
and Willimina his Wife, passed, 2 H: 5. (1415) all their Right
in Thrumpton, to Sir Ralph Shirley. But there was another Claim which
carried it, viz. Henry Putrell had issue Robert, he
Geoffrey his Son and Heir, whose Son and Heir was Richard,
whose Brother and Heir Thomas Poutrell, had a Daughter
and Heir, called Isabel, from whom Thomas Smith, of
Breydeston, claimed as her Son and Heir; and after him, 3 E. 4.(1464)
Thomas Poutrel his Son and Heir.
13 Henry VI - Receipt by Thomas Leuesham,
king's remembrancer, to John Poutrell for 96 bonds relating
to the ransom of prisoners taken at Agincourt.
Alban's (first battle)
[Plantagenet, Edward IV]
who was married to Katherine Cotton de Ridware, being the son
and heir of Thomas Smith, of Breydeston,
||"Maud, who had been
Wife of Sir Gervase Clifton, Cousin, and one of the Heirs of Ralph
Cromwell, late of Cromwell, Knt. and Robert Ratcliff, and Joan, his
Wife, cousin, and the other of the Heirs of the said Ralph, convey
by Fine, 7 E. 4. (1467) the Manor of West-Hallam, with the Appurtenances,
one Mess. two Bovats, four Acres of Meadow, and fifty of Pasture,
with the Appurtenances in West-Hallam and Bapurley, and the Advowson
of the Church of West-Hallam, to Thomas Poutrell, Ralph Fitz-Herberd,
and William Poutrell, and the Heirs of Thomas Poutrell. West-Hallam
is still the Seat of the Family in Derbishire."
[Plantagenet, Edward V]
[Plantagenet, Richard III]
[Tudor, Henry VII]
[Tudor, Henry VIII]
Luther's theses against Indulgences.
Luther's attack upon the abuses
within the Church soon found widespread favour. Although he is still
widely believed to have been a reformer, a reform of the church
does not appear to have been his intention and it certainly was
not what he achieved. Maybe I've been reading from the wrong sources
- I'm interested in the history but I'm not a Catholic (nor anything
else) - but his efforts seem to have been directed not inward
to push for reform but outward i.e. appealing to the public,
to challenge and to undermine that which was the real focus of his
resentment: the authority of the church.
The Church, by its failure to deal
with practices which were open to corruption, had left itself vulnerable
to such an attack and, had his campaign been directed toward the
Church leaders rather than the public, Luther's rejection of Indulgences
could certainly have been construed as an attempt to push for reform
but his subsequent actions seem to betray, rather, a commonplace
resentment of authority. An unconscious agenda of self-aggrandisement
by rebellion against that authority soon becomes evident. He rejects
the Mass, Transubstantiation, vows of chastity, pilgrimages, fasts,
the Sacraments, the powers of the priesthood, and the jurisdiction
and supremacy of the Pope.
At the core of it all, he premised
the doctrine of individual judgment upon which the so-called
reformed church is based - a sort of DIY morality - the idea being
firstly an implicit rejection of the value of the structures and
foundations of the RC Church, of its traditions and continuity since
the days of Christ, together with the establishment of the written
word as the only valid source of Christian teaching i.e. that any
man of "faith" can properly interpret the scriptures for himself.
The obvious contradiction was that, like Henry Ford, who offered
to supply any colour of car provided it was black, Luther advocated
individual judgement, provided the individual's judgement agreed
with his own.
|| Birth of Thomas
Powtrell (West Hallam), parents: John Powtrell and Margaret
Strelley, daughter and co-heir of John Strelley, eldest
son of Sir Robert Strelley of Strelley, by Sanchia,
daughter of Sir Richard Willoughby.
Leo X. published the Bull, Exsurge
Domine giving Luther sixty days to submit to Papal authority before
fails to gain the Pope's agreement to Henry's divorce from Catherine
Cranmer promoted to Archbishop of Canterbury.
knight, great-grandson and heir of Robert Strelley, esquire.
v. Thomas (John) Powtrell, esquire, descended from the same
Robert.: Messuages and land in Trowell. Answer &c. mutilated.: Nottingham.
of Supremacy declared that the king was the only supreme head of the
"Church of England" At a stroke, the potential for a nation of traitors
is created, the choice being between becoming a traitor to the Crown
or to the Church. Put another way, from the point of view of the Catholic
population (which, at that time, theoretically, meant 95% of the country),
you can risk losing your life or you can risk losing your soul. (Only
the most influencial were called upon to swear acceptance of the Act
of Succession. Naturally, most, though not all, chose to save their
Thomas More executed for "treason." (complete
||An act that
Sir John Markham, Thomas Powtrell, William Sacheverell and Nicholas
Strelley in the right of their wives being daughters and heiresses
of John Strelley esquire, shall hold to them and to the heirs of their
said wives divers manors lands and tenements in the counties of Nottingham
and Derbyshire Act: 34 & 35 Hen VIII c 39
||Death of John
Powtrell of West Hallam (his will is dated 30 Nov 1541). Thomas Powtrell
||36 Hen VIII
- Poutrell, John: Derby (Inquisition Post Mortem) see also
Nat. Archives ref: E 150/1224/9
||Birth, at Kegworth, of Nicholas
and John Powdrell.
Birth, at Kegworth, of Isobel and John Powdrell.
||Birth, at Kegworth, of Robert
||Act of Supremacy: Monarch supreme
governor of Church of England, clergy to take oath of supremacy on
pain of deprivation.
Act of Uniformity: imposed Book of Common Prayer, one shilling fine
for failure to attend church on Sunday.
|| [Mary Queen of Scots arrives at
||Marriage, at Kegworth, of Thomas Powdrell and
|[Murder of Rizzio] -
by (amongst others ) Tweedie of Drumelzier. Tweedie's
name is on the first indictment but (typically) it has mysteriously
disappeared by the time it goes to court.
|18 Sept. 1566
|| Derbys & Notts. estates.
Agreement whereby Thomas Powtrell of West Hallam arranges to convey
to George Shyrley of Staunton Harold, John Willughble of Risley, esq.,
Robert Bricksble of Sholby esq., and Ralph Sacheverell of Stanton
(Derbys.) esq., the manors of West Hallam and 'Breidstoun' and all
his lands tenements etc., in the same and in Mapperley, Stanley Grange,
Stanly and Draycot, Lacy Fields in Heanor (Derbys.) and the manors
of Chilwell and Thrumpton and lands etc., in the same and in Bramcote,
Attenborough and Eastwood (Notts.) to be held to the following uses:
Breidston manor and all property in the same, and all messuages, lands
etc., in Eastwood, Lacy Fields, and Langley to the use of John Powtrell,
younger brother of Thomas for his life, and then to his widow (if
he marries) if she survives him and remains unmarried. The reversion
is to be to Thomas Poutrell and his heirs male (detailed provision)
together with the remainder of the property, and in default to John
Powtrell and his heirs male, and in default to the daughters of Thomas
and their heirs. Provision for 21 year leases, for the granting by
Thomas of annuities not exceeding an annual value of £20 each, and
the conveying of property to John Powtrell and for the cancelling
of the present indenture.
|[Mary Queen of Scots
defeated at Carberry Hill - later imprisonned in Lochleven Castle,
Kinross, claimed by the current owners to be one of the meeting places
of Mary Queen of Scots and John Knox during the time of her imprisonment
in Lochleven Castle.
[Lochleven Castle, Kinross - Mary forced to agree to abdication in
favour of James]
|| [Mary escapes from Lochleven Castle]
||Marriage of John Powdrell - children: (from will of
1617) Robert; John; Marjory; Lawrence; Edward; Elizabeth (Kegworth).
||William, son of Robert Powdrell, buried, aged 18 (Kegworth).
||Death of (11xGGFather) John Powdrell
of Lockington, physician.
His will is very difficult to read but one line - "should
fortune remain of unfavour" - may, if that is what it says!, refer
to the persecution of the recusant (Catholic) families. (He notes
that his body is to be buried within the grounds of Thrumpton).
||Proclamation making it a crime to
harbour a Jesuit.
Some flavour of the times
can be had from the following excerpt (mentioning John's
brother, Walter Powdrell) from the book Vaux of Harriden.
On 29 October the Privy Council
ordered the Attorney General and others to examine Campion and the
other prisoners in the Tower "upon certain matters, and to put them
unto the rack." This was carried out on the 31st, and Campion was
so brutally dealt with that three weeks later he was still unable
to lift up his hand. It was after this racking that, asked how he
felt his hands and feet, he replied: "Not ill, because not at all."
On 7 November
Mendoza writes that Campion has not yet been brought to trial "as
he is all dislocated and cannot move." It was not until 14th November
that he and his companions were arraigned. They all pleaded not
The following day, Wednesdav
15th, Lord Vaux and the other prisoners were brought to the Star
Chamber. Among those present were Sir Thomas Bromley, Lord Chancellor,
The Earl of Sussex (Thomas Radcliffe), The Earl of Leicester (Robert
Dudley), Sir Walter Mildmay, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir Christopher
Wray, Chief Justice of England, Sir James Dyer, Chief Justice of
the Common Pleas, Sir Roger Manwood, Chief Baron, and Sir Francis
Knolles, Treasurer of the Queen's Household.
"The prisoners at the bar
were Lord Vaux, Sir Thomas Tresham, Mr Walter Powdrell, of
Hallam (Derby), Mrs. Jane Griffin, of Bucks., and her husband's
brother, Mr. Ambrose Griffin. All these came from the Fleet together,
and were brought to the bar between nine and ten o'clock in the
morning. Sir William Catesby was brought from the King's Bench;
whose warning of coming thither was very late. The Lord Vaux and
Sir Thomas Tresham had been heard before his coming to the Star
"The Queen's Counsel was Popham
the Attorney-General, Egerton the Solicitor-General and Mr. Serjeant
Anderson. After the usual tirade against the Pope, Popham proceeded
to the charge of contempt of court. Then against the lord Vaux,
Sir Thomas Tresham and Sir William Catesby, Popham further did give
in evidence that they being examined thereof did deny it; who being
required by the counsel to confirm it by an oath, refused it; who
then charged them, upon their allegiance to swear, but they refused
it: whereupon he urged the contempt, but he neither produced for
it warrant of law or precedent . . .
"The evidence read in that
behalf was a confession of Mr. Campion's at the rack, the [blank]
of August last etc. before the lieutenant of the Tower, Norton and
Hammon. The content whereof was that he had been at the house of
the Lord Vaux sundry times, at Sir Thomas Tresham's house, at Mr.
Griffin's of Northamptonshire where also the Lady Tresham then was,
and at the house of Sir W illiam Catesby, where Sir Thomas Tresham
and his lady then was. Also at one time when he was at the Lord
Vaux's he said that the Lord Compton was there, but not mentioning
conference with them or the like.
"Mr Powdrell admitted harbouring
Campion but protested it was the 8th January not the 12th, as Lord
Shrewsbury (who examined him) had set down. This was important
for the proclamation against the Jesuits was published on January
12th. But he denied that he came "to the latter
ending of the Mass," but said,
"I have received Mr Campion. I have confessed it and I have
not offended therein for bestowing a night’s lodgings on him who
sometimes did read to me at University and in whom I never did know
[This from Burghley's notes]
"... Powdrell gent. himself confesses to being with Gervase Pierrepoint
and Gilbert after Christmas last when Campion said Mass."
"Powdrell fined 30 marks
(about £350) and sentenced to a year in the Fleet Prison."
Walter Powdrell of West Hallam
is one of the brothers of (11xGGF) John Powdrell of Lockington,
(1579) the physician. Thoroton doesn't
list all of the family of Thomas Powdrell and Dorethy
Basset (only naming Walter) but Mrs Norman has found that there
were several children and John, it would appear, was one
of these. Anyway, it was Walter's sons, Thomas
and John, who conveyed Thrumpton to Gervase Pigot after the
Gunpowder Plot. Also
interesting, perhaps, that Walter and his wife Cassandra died on
the same day.
|Sent by Mrs Norman -
"Vaux of Harriden" by Geoffrey Anstruther
|20 Dec. 1586
|| Contents Notts. & Derbys. Agreement between Walter
Powtrell of West Hallam, esq., and Francis Beamounte of Grace Dieu
esq., Henry Beamounte of Derby, esq., and John Burbage of West Hallam
yeoman, that in consid. of making a provision for Powtrell's daughters,
that the manor of Trowell and Bramcote (Notts.) and all lands, tenement
etc., in the same and in Wilsthorpe, Spondon, Markeworth, Markeaton,
and Allestree, (Derbys.) shall be held to the use of Walter Powtrell
for life and then to the use of Eleanor, Dorothe and Jane Powtrell
his daughters (if they attain the age of 21), provided that if George
Shyrley of Ragdale, esq., William Eyre late of West Hallam, gent.,
and William Torleton of West Hallam, yeoman shall release all actions
of debt etc., unto Walter, or if Thomas Powtrell, eldest son of Walter,
or any of Walter's male heirs shall pay the daughters each 500 marks
as soon as they reach the age of 21 or within 6 years after, and shall
also pay them £10 yearly while the sum of 500 marks remains unpaid
after they have reached the age of 21, that then the estate of Walter
Powtrell and his daus. in the property shall cease and it shall be
seized to the use of Walter Powtrell, his heirs and assigns. 3 seals
of Scots beheaded]
Talbot Papers - Folio 123
John Harpur to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Earl Marshal and Privy Councillor,
n.p1. [Swarkeston], 4 February 1587/8. On the receipt of the Earl's
letters, he went to Mickleover and found [Philip] Draycott in bed.
Draycott declared himself no recusant but Harpur insisted upon him
and his wife attending a service in church. He went on, with the
Earl's servant, Thomas Ball, to the house of Mr. Powtrell, which
was locked - Powtrell said it was because of suits for £10,000 between
him and Thomas Markham - but Mrs. Powtrell, her gentlewoman and
two servants were away overnight; Mr. Powtrell said that he did
not know where they were. At Sawley, Mrs. Edmundson was away, according
to her daughter visiting her sick brother in Rutlandshire. Harpur
suspects that these people were forewarned because Mr. Manners and
Mr. Leake [cf. folio 121] began their searches the day before. He
did not go for William Brownlow, because he knows that his absence
from church is not for recusancy but for fear of executions for
debt. He has seen [John Manners, fourth] Earl of Rutland twice in
the last week and knows that 400 men are raised in Nottinghamshire
and others could be ready at short notice; he advises the Earl to
be as ready in his lieutenancy. 2pp. Endorsed. (Printed in part,
Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition,
||Marriage of (10xGGF) Thomas Powdrell (son of
John Powdrell of Lockington) and Mable Haliday of Long
||Walter Powdrell and
Cassandra, his wife, daughter of Francis Shirley of Staunton Harold,
Leicestershire, died 16th September 1598.
| 23 Nov. 1598
|| Derbys. & Notts.
Crown grant, with assent and consent of Royal Court of Wards and Liveries,
to Stephen Piers, Gentleman of the Wardrobe, of wardship and marriage
of Thos. Powtrell, son and heir of Walter Powtrell dec., with annuity
of £3. Accompanied by extent of the estates of the late Walter Powtrell
in Derbs. and Notts., and valuation, taken 25 Sept. 1598, Thos. Powtrell
being of the age of 20 years.
43 Eliz. I
Indenture, feoffment, marriage settlement.
1) Thomas Powtrell of West Hallam Derbs., esq.
2) John Manners of Nether Haddon Derbs., esq. Reciting indenture
of 9 Nov. 1599:-
1) Thomas Powtrell, as above.
2) George Shirley of Staunton Leics., esq. John Willoughbie of Risley
Derbs., esq. Robert Brokesbie of Sholbie Leics., esq. Raphe Sacheverell
of Staunton (?) (DD.), esq. Reciting will of Walter Powtrell, father
of (1), devising property to younger son John, and his future wife,
and to (1) and heirs in tail male, now (1) agreed to convey to (2)
manors of West Hallam and Breidston Derbs., and lands in same and
Maperley, Stanley Grange, Stanley Dreicott, and Laciefeilde in Heinor
Derbs., and manors of Chillwell and Thrumpton, with lands in same
and Bramcott, Adenborough, and Eastwait Notts., to stand seised
of same, the manor and lands of Breidston, messuage and lands in
Eastwait alias Eastwood and 2 fields called Laciefeilds in Langley,
to be to use of (1)'s brother John, for life, then his widow, then
as specified, rest of lands and manors to use of (1) for life, then
heirs in tail, otherwise to J.P. and heirs in tail, otherwise to
Ellioner, Dorothie, or Jane Powtrell, sisters of T.P., in tail,
subject to alteration by appointment of T.P. of provisions for lands
settled upon him. Now (1601), for marriage of T.P. and Ellioner,
daughter of Sir Thomas Manners, knt., (dec. brother of J.M.), annulment
of above settlement, and for £1000, J.P. to J.M. Stanley Grange,
with tithes Derbs., and manor of Chillwell, and lands in Stanley,
Chillwell, Adenborough and Bramcott, to use of T.P. and E.M. and
heirs in tail. Sig. and armorial seal of T.P. Lacking livery of
seisin endorsement. Endorsed: "Thomas Powtrell, Esq. his Settemt.
of the Mannors of West Hallam etc Upon his Marr' with Mrs Eleanor
of James VI]
||Listed in "Freemen of Leicester": Robert Powdrell,
apothocary, son of John Powdrell, physician.
Acte for the Attaindors of divers Offendors in the
late moste barbarous monstrous detestable and damnable Treasons...
The religious rhetoric of the time concealed a very
real struggle for power and the main aim of government, up until the
early 1600’s, was to break the influence of the powerful Catholic
families. This, in 1605, they finally succeeded in doing with
the help of Guy Fawlkes! There is no conclusive evidence that
the "plot" to blow up the Houses of Parliament was, as some
historians suspect, of Government origin but it is unlikely that the
popular view of the conspiracy is even an approximation of the truth.
A closer examination of the evidence reveals many inconsistencies
in the official version of the events. Whoever was responsible
for its conception, the timely "discovery" of the plot certainly resulted
in the effective destruction of the power of the Catholic families
in the country. For nearly 400 years, Britain has celebrated
Guy Fawlkes Night on the 5th of November, with fireworks and bonfires
to burn the "Guy".
The priest-hole in Thrumpton where Father Garnet had allegedly been
One of the so-called "conspirators" and, as the leader
of the Roman Catholics in Britain, one of the government’s principal
targets, was leading Jesuit, Father Garnet. The
Powdrells' part in the affair seems to be that, at some point,
prior to the discovery of the plot, they had concealed him in a
priesthole in their home, Thrumpton Hall, in consequence of which,
an Act of Attainder was allegedly brought against the family
[at this point, - March 2006 - I haven't seen any record of the
Act]. They were fined a sum equivalent to the value of
their entire property (Thrumpton was then sold to one Gervase Pigot,
who was later to become High Sheriff of Nottingham) and the Powdrells,
and their descendants, allegedly lost the right to bear the
Powdrell Coat of Arms (or to display it on a web page).
|(Act of Attainder) - House
Father Garnet was eventually
hung. King James, by his
Letters Patent, dated 9th July, in the second Year of his
Reign, granted to Gervase Pigot, Gent. the Rectory of Ratcliff-on-Sore,
in Thrumpton, and the Chapel of Thrumpton, with all the Rights
and Appurtenances, &c.
Hall in Nottinghamshire was the
Powdrell family seat for some 500 years. I understand it was
improved by Gervase Pigot. It's near Kegworth, Leicestershire,
and now owned by the Seymour family - descendents of Jane
||Listed in "Freemen of Leicester": John Powdrell, apothocary,
son of John Powdrell, physician.
|| Mrs Norman
||Will of John Powdrell (of Kegworth) - leaves, to his
children, £50 pound to each (& a ewe and a lamb to his grandson)
and "my land in Longwhatton."
||Charter of the land of Quothquan to Janet Tweedie,
daughter of John Tweedie, tutor of Drummelzier:-
1701) Apud Edinburgh, 6 Nov (1617)
REX concessit JONETE TWEDIE filie et heredi quondam
Joannis T. tutoris de Drummelzear,, heritibus ejus et assignatis (redimablies
infra septennium), - terras de Over et Nether Quodquennis, in baronia
de Carnewatht, vic. Lanerk; - que fuerunt Roberti Chancellar de Scheilhill,
filii et heredis quondam Willelmi C.; et 6 Mar. 1617 appreciate fuerunt
pro 318 lib. dicte Jon. Debitis, et pro 15 libris 18 sol. pro feudo
Thomas Moffet nuncii, vicecomitis in hac parte; prout in processu
appreciationis sub signo et subscriptione M. Francisci Hay notarii
publici scribe signeto regio, dicti processus clerici, contentum est:-
Test. Ut in aliis cartis &c
P.R. ii. 30.
John Tweedie, the tutor of Drummelzier, who was granted
the land of Quothquan by James VI, was the brother of Sir Walter Tweedie
(i.e. the son of Sir John Tweedie of Drummelzier).
According to Andrew Tweedie, we are definately of the
Quothquan family but that depends upon our David Tweedie having come
from Libberton, Lanark. The Quothquan origins of our branch
of the Tweedie mafia are, therefore, by no means certain.
The Liberton, Midlothian theory
(Clare West) is, I think, more credible and well worth more research
- which is a shame because, before we knew any better, we got a hold
of a copy of the Quothquan charter.
[51 Jac VI]
"History of the Tweedies" by Michael
||Will of (10xGGF) Thomas Darker of Kegworth
- leaves money to "my daughter Sibella Powdrel, wife of (9xGGF)
Thomas Powdrel" and £300 to the hospital in Leicester.
||Marriage, at Shepshed, of (8xGGF) John Powdrell
( son of Thomas and Sibellia) and Elizabeth Bennett.
||Birth of Sibellia Powdrell, parents: John Powdrell
and Eliz. Bennet
||Death of Sibellia, wife of Thomas Powdrell.
Birth of (7xGGF) Thomas Powdrell, parents: John
Powdrell and Eliz Bennet.
|| [Accession of Charles 1st.]
||Marriage, at Castle Donnington, of (8xGGF) John
Knowles and Margerie Howson.
||Death of Thomas Powdrell Snr (burial recorded)
||Triplets: Robert, Mary & Elizabeth (all
died), parents: John Powdrell and Elizabeth Bennet.
(All three baptised, 20th, buried 21st)
||Birth of John Powdrell, parents: John Powdrell
and Elizabeth Bennett.
[Execution of Charles I.]