ancestors in bold type
uk date format: dd-mm-yyyy
From Rouen in Normandy, Gilbert
Putrel, the first Powdrell to come to Britain is recorded
on the Falaise Roll as having fought at Hastings with William
the Conqueror. All Powdrells are descended from this
one Norman knight.
in Nottinghamshire was the Powdrell family seat for some 500
years. (It's near Kegworth, Leicestershire, and now owned
by the Seymour family - descendents of Jane Seymour's brother).
||The Norman historian, Ordericus
Vitalis, in his "Historia Ecclesiastica" refers (p.602) to a charter
of the time of William 1st which records that the abbey of St Ebrulf
in the diocese of Lisieux, Normandy, was granted certain tithes from
lands by Robert Pultrel in Leicestershire. (This land was at Prestwold
and Wymeswold and the Putrels held it of the abbey as late as 1346).
THRUMPTON (DOOMSDAY, TURMODESTON)
SO called from Turmod, some old Owner 'tis like.
In it before the Conquest Leuvin and Elvod were rated at seven Bov.
to the Tax for their Manor. The Land whereof was two Carucats. There
Roger de Busli, whose Fee it was, had one Carucat, three Sochm.
two Villans, two Bordars, having one Carucat and an Half; this in
the Confessor’s Tirne was valued at 40s. in the Conqueror’s at 20s.
Here was another Manor of William Peverell's Fee,
which before the Conquest, Stapleuvin (Owner also in Stapleford)
had rated to the Geld at three Bov. 1-Third. - The Land one Car.
There afterwards four Sochm. had one Car. and five Acres of Meadow.
This kept the old Value 5s. 4d.
Here was another Parcel Soc to Edwalton of the
Fee of Hugh de Greatmaisnill, rated to the public Tax at one Bov.
and an Half. The Land was one Car. There were two Sochm., two Bordars,
with two Carucats (or Plows) and three Acres of Meadew. It lay in
Sandiricua (or Sandiacre) on the other side the Trent in Darbishire.
That of Buslie's Fee was held by the Family
of Putrell, who had their Seat here, and continued Owners till 5
Jac. that Tho. Poutrell, and John his Brother, Sons Walter Poutrell,
conveyed it to Gervase Pigot, Gent. Grandfather of Gerv. Pigot,
Esq. the present Owner (1672). It was with Upton in the Clay, and
some others the Fee of Raph Tilly, who 'tis likely enfeoffed Putrell.
Richard Putrell gave to God and the Church
of St. Peter at Thurgarton, the Gift which Gilbert his Predecessor
of Thurmeston gave, viz. Half a Carucat of Land of his Demesne,
with a Dwelling-house, and a Common of Pasture. His Successors here
usually paid the said Prior 5s. per Annum, for four Bovats of Land.
and one Toft.
Reginald Basset and Richard Puterel
released all their Right and Claim to the Advowson of the Church
of Thurmodeston by Fine, 12 Joh. to Ranulph, Prior of Norton, and
his Successors. Peverell's Part was held by the Family of Stapleford,
of Heriz, Lord also of that Place, with the Heir female whereof
it descended to Teverey, being three Messuagcs, twenty-one Bovats,
and twenty Acres of Meadow.
The third Part, or Share, it seems,
went with Sandiacre, for Richard de Riston, Son of William, Son
of Andrew de Rixton, conveyed three Bovats of Land into Turmodeston,
to John, the Son of William de Leke (which continued long with that
Family). To this Deed were Witnesses Peter de Sandiacre, Samson
de Stretleg, Robert de Stapleford, Richard his Son, Richard Putrell,
Richard his Son, Peter Son of Richard de Stanford, Richard
de Trowell, Stephen Son of Richard de Kineston, Thomas and Anketill
his Brothers, John de Touke, Robert Son of Gocelin, Raph Rossell,
William de Boves, Roger de Bromley, Richard de Potloc, and others;
it is sealed with his Image on horseback. And Albreda, the Daughter
of Peter de Sandiacre, by another Deed, in the Custody also of Gervase
Pigot, Esquire, passed likewise three Bovats. I suppose the same
to the same person, and had the same Witnesses.
Reginald Mare was certified to hold tvelve Bovats
in Thurmodeston worth 6os. Which he bought of Reginald Basset; and
John de Leke three Bovats worth 15s. by Richard de Rixton. Reginald
Marc gave his to the Knight's Hospitallers; and there he is said
to be infeoffed by Richard de Risseton.
It was by the jury at Thrumpton, 20 Dec. 25 E.
3. returned not to be to the King's Loss, if he granted the Prior
and Brethren of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, in England,
License to give their Manor of Thurmeston, to Sir John Waleis, Knt.
in Exchange for the Manor of Dalby, in the County of Leicester;
and that here was then one Messuage, with a Close adjoining worth
16s. one Hundred and fifteen Acres of arable Land worth so many
Shillings; twelve Acres of Meadow, 2s. the Acre, and 24s. yearly
Rent; and that Hugh de Meyvill had the Mesnalty of the Manor of
T'hurmeton, between John Waleis and the King.
Aymo de Trunberch, Knt. (who married one of the
Heirs of ---Tilly) confirmed, 45 H. 3. to Henry, the Son
of Henry Putrell, and to Guillimina his Wife, six
Virgats in Thurmeton. On his Seal is a Chief, charged with three
Henry Putrell, with
the Consent of Willimina his Wife, settled the capital Mess.
and eight Virgats of arable Land, in Thurmeton, upon Robert
his Son and in Defect. of Heirs of him, to Henry, Geoffry, Richard,
and Walter, his other Sons respectively, and their Heirs, paying
the said Henry, their Father £20 per Annum, during his Life.
Maud, who had been Wife of Sir Gervase Clifton,
Cousin, and one of the Heirs of Ralph Cromwell, late of Cromwell,
Knt. and Robert Ratcliff, and Joan, his Wife, cousin, and the other
of the Heirs of the said Ralph, convey by Fine, 7 E. 4. the Manor
of West-Hallam, with the Appurtenances, one Mess. two Bovats, four
Acres of Meadow, and fifty of Pasture, widi the Appurtenances in
West-Hallam and Bapurley, and the Advowson of the Church of West-Hallam,
to Thomas Poutrell, Ralph Fitz-Herberd, and William Poutrell, and
the Heirs of Thomas Poutrell. West-Hallam is still the Seat of the
Family in Derbishire.
(sent by Mrs Norman)
[Henry I Beauclerc]
[Adeliza of Louvain]
[Matilda the Empress]
[de Montmorency, Hervey, Constable]
[FitzEmpress, Henry II Curtmantle]
[Henry the Young King]
[Margaret of France, Queen Consort]
||In 1185 the advowson (right
to select the incumbent) to the church at Wymeswold, Leicestershire,
was granted by Robert FitzRanulf to Beauchief Abbey, Sheffield. This
was in reparation for the part he played in the plot to murder Thomas
a Beckett in 1170. A little later, Robert Putrel (f1 1185), a local
landowner, claimed the patronage of the church for himself but was
forced to recognise the priority of the abbey.
[Richard I Coeur de Lion]
||Goada, daughter of John Knowles,
married Steven Worley, son of the Earl of Huntingdon. This is
the earliest mention of the Donnington
branch of the Knowles family.
Robert Powtrell is recorded
as the lord of the manor in (nearby) Cotes and Prestwold
Putrell, recorded as being married to
Henry Putrell, of Thormoudeston, Knt. (Thrumpton) granted three
Virgats of Land to Henry his Son, for three Score Marks of
Silver, to acquit him from Judaisme, (Usury).
[Edward II of Caernarvon]
Putrell, of Thurmeton. 12 E. 2.  settled upon Geoffrey,
his Son, and Joan, his said Son's Wife.
John and Robert Powdrell recorded in Kegworth in the Table of Knights'
(The Knights' Fees were paid by all knights who continued to participate
in tournament, the practice of which was now discouraged by the King
partly because of the unnecessary loss of life and especially since
it had become more of a public spectacle than anything else. The knights
maintained that without the practice, the horses would not be prepared
|| John Munchensy,
38 E. 3. settled on Geoffrey, Son of Robert Putrell,
and on Agnes, his Wife; and after the Death of Geoffrey,
to Richard Putrell who was a very considerable Man, and some Kind
of Receiver under King Edward the Third. He died, 1 H. 4.  without
Issue. His Seal is a Fesse between three Cinquefoiles.
[Plantagenet, Henry IV]
[Plantagenet, Henry V]
Laverok, of Chadesden, and Agnes his Wife, Daughter and Heir of Edmund
Poutrell, Brother and Heir of Richard Poutrell, Son and Heir of Geoffrey,
Brother and Heir of Robert Poutrell, Son and Heir of Henry
Poutrell, and Willimina his Wife, passed, 2 H: 5. 
all their Right in Thrumpton, to Sir Ralph Shirley. But there was
another Claim which carried it, viz. Henry Putrell had issue
Robert, he Geoffrey his Son and Heir, whose Son and
Heir was Richard, whose Brother and Heir Thomas Poutrell,
had a Daughter and Heir, called Isabel, from whom Thomas
Smith, of Breydeston, claimed as her Son and Heir; and
after him, 3 E. 4. Thomas Poutrel his Son and Heir.
[Plantagenet, Henry VI]
[Plantagenet, Edward IV]
who was married to Katherine Cotton de Ridware, being the son
and heir of Thomas Smith, of Breydeston,
[Plantagenet, Richard III]
[Tudor, Henry VII]
[Tudor, Henry VIII]
Luther's theses against Indulgences.
Luther's attack upon the abuses
within the Church soon found widespread favour. Although he is still
widely believed to have been a reformer, a reform of the church
does not appear to have been his intention and it certainly was
not what he achieved. He appears to have made, in fact, no attempt
to seek reform of the church. Maybe I've been reading from the wrong
sources but all of his efforts seem to have been directed solely
to challenging and undermining the authority of the church.
The Church, by its failure to deal
with practices which were open to corruption, had left itself vulnerable
to such an attack and, had his campaign been directed toward the
Church leaders rather than the public, Luther's rejection of Indulgences
could certainly have been construed as an attempt to push for reform
but his subsequent actions betray a commonplace resentment of authority
and an unconscious agenda of self-aggrandisement by rebellion against
that authority soon becomes evident. He rejects the Mass, Transubstantiation,
vows of chastity, pilgrimages, fasts, the Sacraments, the powers
of the priesthood, and the jurisdiction and supremacy of the Pope.
At the core of it all or rather
in an attempt at justification of it all, he premised the doctrine
of individual judgment upon which the so-called reformed
church is based - a sort of DIY morality - the idea being firstly
an implicit denial of the value of the structures of the Roman Catholic
Church and of its traditions and continuity since the days of Christ,
together with the establishment of the written word as the only
valid source of Christian teaching i.e. that any man of "faith"
can properly interpret the scriptures for himself. The obvious contradiction
was that, like Henry Ford, who offered to supply any colour of car
provided it was black, Luther advocated individual judgement, provided
the individual's judgement agreed with his own. Even by his own
premise, it was further necessary for him to believe that, out of
all his fellow priests who thoroughly disagreed with his interpretations,
his was the strongest faith and greatest insight. Any man who is
egotistical enough to be capable of entertaining that notion betrays
a complete lack of understanding of the nature of faith [a state
of grace which he appears to have been singularly lacking] and that
lack of understanding, - a confusion of the concept of faith with
that of belief - seems to have persisted in the multifarious branches
of the "reformed church" to this day.
500 years later, predictably, the
most prominent features of his legacy are, on the one hand, the
intolerance and the self-righteous hypocracy while, on the other
hand, there is the "why shouldn't I do what I want if it comes natural
to me?" DIY approach to morality. That being said, it's probable,
however, that had the Reformation not taken place, men would have
found another way to inflict five centuries worth of injustice and
suffering upon each other.
Leo X. published the Bull, Exsurge
Domine giving Luther sixty days to submit to Papal authority before
fails to gain the Pope's agreement to Henry's divorce from Catherine
1532, Cranmer promoted to Archbishop of Canterbury.
Act of Supremacy declared that the king was the only supreme head
of the "Church of England" At a stroke, the potential for a nation
of traitors is created, the choice being between becoming a traitor
to the Crown or to the Church. Put another way, from the point of
view of the Catholic population (which, at that time, theoretically,
meant 95% of the country), you can risk losing your life or you can
risk losing your soul. (Only the most influencial were called upon
to swear acceptance of the Act of Succession. Naturally, most, though
not all, chose to save their lives).
Thomas More executed for "treason." (complete
[Tudor, Edward VI]
||Birth, at Kegworth,
of Nicholas and John Powdrell.
Birth, at Kegworth, of Isobel and John Powdrell.
||Birth, at Kegworth,
of Robert Powdrell.
|| [Mary Queen of Scots
arrives at Leith]
||Marriage, at Kegworth, of Thomas
Powdrell and Margaret Wood.
|[Murder of Rizzio]
- by (amongst others ) Tweedie of Drumelzier. Tweedie's
name is on the first indictment but (typically) it has mysteriously
disappeared by the time it goes to court.
|[Mary Queen of Scots
defeated at Carberry Hill - later imprisonned in Lochleven Castle,
Kinross, claimed by the current owners to be one of the meeting places
of Mary Queen of Scots and John Knox during the time of her imprisonment
in Lochleven Castle.
[Lochleven Castle, Kinross - Mary forced to agree to abdication in
favour of James]
|| [Mary escapes from Lochleven
||Marriage of John Powdrell - children:
(from will of 1617) Robert; John; Marjory; Lawrence; Edward; Elizabeth
||William, son of Robert Powdrell, buried,
aged 18 (Kegworth).
||Death of (11xGGFather)
John Powdrell of Lockington, physician.
His will is very difficult to read but one line - "should
fortune remain of unfavour" - may, if that is what it says!, refer
to the persecution of the recusant (Catholic) families. (He notes
that his body is to be buried within the grounds of Thrumpton).
||Proclamation making it
a crime to harbour a Jesuit.
Some flavour of the times
can be had from the following excerpt (mentioning John's
brother, Walter Powdrell) from the book Vaux of Harriden.
On 29 October the Privy Council
ordered the Attorney General and others to examine Campion and the
other prisoners in the Tower "upon certain matters, and to put them
unto the rack." This was carried out on the 31st, and Campion was
so brutally dealt with that three weeks later he was still unable
to lift up his hand. It was after this racking that, asked how he
felt his hands and feet, he replied: "Not ill, because not at all."
On 7 November
Mendoza writes that Campion has not yet been brought to trial "as
he is all dislocated and cannot move." It was not until 14th November
that he and his companions were arraigned. They all pleaded not
The following day, Wednesdav
15th, Lord Vaux and the other prisoners were brought to the Star
Chamber. Among those present were Sir Thomas Bromley, Lord Chancellor,
The Earl of Sussex (Thomas Radcliffe), The Earl of Leicester (Robert
Dudley), Sir Walter Mildmay, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir Christopher
Wray, Chief Justice of England, Sir James Dyer, Chief Justice of
the Common Pleas, Sir Roger Manwood, Chief Baron, and Sir Francis
Knolles, Treasurer of the Queen's Household.
"The prisoners at the bar
were Lord Vaux, Sir Thomas Tresham, Mr Walter Powdrell, of
Hallam (Derby), Mrs. Jane Griffin, of Bucks., and her husband's
brother, Mr. Ambrose Griffin. All these came from the Fleet together,
and were brought to the bar between nine and ten o'clock in the
morning. Sir William Catesby was brought from the King's Bench;
whose warning of coming thither was very late. The Lord Vaux and
Sir Thomas Tresham had been heard before his coming to the Star
"The Queen's Counsel was Popham
the Attorney-General, Egerton the Solicitor-General and Mr. Serjeant
Anderson. After the usual tirade against the Pope, Popham proceeded
to the charge of contempt of court. Then against the lord Vaux,
Sir Thomas Tresham and Sir William Catesby, Popham further did give
in evidence that they being examined thereof did deny it; who being
required by the counsel to confirm it by an oath, refused it; who
then charged them, upon their allegiance to swear, but they refused
it: whereupon he urged the contempt, but he neither produced for
it warrant of law or precedent . . .
"The evidence read in that
behalf was a confession of Mr. Campion's at the rack, the [blank]
of August last etc. before the lieutenant of the Tower, Norton and
Hammon. The content whereof was that he had been at the house of
the Lord Vaux sundry times, at Sir Thomas Tresham's house, at Mr.
Griffin's of Northamptonshire where also the Lady Tresham then was,
and at the house of Sir W illiam Catesby, where Sir Thomas Tresham
and his lady then was. Also at one time when he was at the Lord
Vaux's he said that the Lord Compton was there, but not mentioning
conference with them or the like.
"Mr Powdrell admitted harbouring
Campion but protested it was the 8th January not the 12th, as Lord
Shrewsbury (who examined him) had set down. This was important
for the proclamation against the Jesuits was published on January
12th. But he denied that he came "to the latter
ending of the Mass," but said,
"I have received Mr Campion. I have confessed it and I have
not offended therein for bestowing a night’s lodgings on him who
sometimes did read to me at University and in whom I never did know
[This from Burghley's notes]
"... Powdrell gent. himself confesses to being with Gervase Pierrepoint
and Gilbert after Christmas last when Campion said Mass."
"Powdrell fined 30 marks
(about £350) and sentenced to a year in the Fleet Prison."
Walter Powdrell of West Hallam
is one of the brothers of (11xGGF) John Powdrell of Lockington,
(1579) the physician. Thoroton doesn't
list all of the family of Thomas Powdrell and Dorethy
Basset (only naming Walter) but Mrs Norman has found that there
were several children and John, it would appear, was one
of these. Anyway, it was Walter's sons, Thomas
and John, who conveyed Thrumpton to Gervase Pigot after the
Gunpowder Plot. Also
interesting, perhaps, that Walter and his wife Cassandra died on
the same day.
|Sent by Mrs Norman -
"Vaux of Harriden" by Geoffrey Anstruther
Queen of Scots beheaded]
||Marriage of (10xGGF) Thomas Powdrell
(son of John Powdrell of Lockington) and Mable Haliday
of Long Whatton.
and Cassandra, his wife, daughter of Francis Shirley of Staunton
Harold, Leicestershire, died 16th September 1598.
of James VI]
||Listed in "Freemen of Leicester": Robert
Powdrell, apothocary, son of John Powdrell, physician.
Acte for the Attaindors of divers Offendors in the
late moste barbarous monstrous detestable and damnable Treasons...
The religious rhetoric of the time concealed a very
real struggle for power and the main aim of government, up until the
early 1600’s, was to break the influence of the powerful Catholic
families. This, in 1605, they finally succeeded in doing with
the help of Guy Fawlkes! There is no conclusive evidence that
the "plot" to blow up the Houses of Parliament was, as some
historians suspect, of Government origin but it is unlikely that the
popular view of the conspiracy is even an approximation of the truth.
A closer examination of the evidence reveals many inconsistencies
in the official version of the events. Whoever was responsible
for its conception, the timely "discovery" of the plot certainly resulted
in the effective destruction of the power of the Catholic families
in the country. For nearly 400 years, Britain has celebrated
Guy Fawlkes Night on the 5th of November, with fireworks and bonfires
to burn the "Guy".
One of the so-called "conspirators" and, as the leader
of the Roman Catholics in Britain, one of the government’s principal
targets, was leading Jesuit, Father Garnet. The Powdrells
part in the affair was that they concealed him in a priesthole in
Thrumpton Hall, in consequence of which, an Act of Attainder was
brought against the family. They were fined a sum equivalent
to the value of their property (which was then sold to one Gervase
Pigot) and they, and their descendants, lost the right to bear the
Powdrell coat of arms. Father Garnet
was eventually hung.
King James, by his Letters Patent, dated 9th July, in the second
Year of his Reign, granted to Gervase Pigot, Gent. the Rectory
of Ratcliff-on-Sore, in Thrumpton, and the Chapel of Thrumpton,
with all the Rights and Appurtenances, &c.
|(Act of Attainder) - House
||Listed in "Freemen of Leicester": John
Powdrell, apothocary, son of John Powdrell, physician.
|| Mrs Norman
||Will of John Powdrell (of Kegworth) -
leaves, to his children, £50 pound to each (& a ewe and
a lamb to his grandson) and "my land in Longwhatton."
||Charter of the land of Quothquan to Janet
Tweedie, daughter of John Tweedie, tutor of Drummelzier:-
1701) Apud Edinburgh, 6 Nov (1617)
REX concessit JONETE TWEDIE filie et heredi quondam
Joannis T. tutoris de Drummelzear,, heritibus ejus et assignatis (redimablies
infra septennium), - terras de Over et Nether Quodquennis, in baronia
de Carnewatht, vic. Lanerk; - que fuerunt Roberti Chancellar de Scheilhill,
filii et heredis quondam Willelmi C.; et 6 Mar. 1617 appreciate fuerunt
pro 318 lib. dicte Jon. Debitis, et pro 15 libris 18 sol. pro feudo
Thomas Moffet nuncii, vicecomitis in hac parte; prout in processu
appreciationis sub signo et subscriptione M. Francisci Hay notarii
publici scribe signeto regio, dicti processus clerici, contentum est:-
Test. Ut in aliis cartis &c
P.R. ii. 30.
John Tweedie, the tutor of Drummelzier, who was granted
the land of Quothquan by James VI, was the brother of Sir Walter Tweedie
(i.e. the son of Sir John Tweedie of Drummelzier).
According to Andrew Tweedie, we are definately of the
Quothquan family but that depends upon our David Tweedie having come
from Libberton, Lanark. The Quothquan origins of our branch
of the Tweedie mafia are, therefore, by no means certain.
The Liberton, Midlothian theory
(Clare West) is, I think, more credible and well worth more research
- which is a shame because, before we knew any better, we got a hold
of a copy of the Quothquan charter.
[51 Jac VI]
"History of the Tweedies" by Michael
||Will of (10xGGF) Thomas Darker
of Kegworth - leaves money to "my daughter Sibella Powdrel,
wife of (9xGGF) Thomas Powdrel" and £300 to the hospital
||Marriage, at Shepshed, of (8xGGF) John
Powdrell ( son of Thomas and Sibellia) and Elizabeth
||Birth of Sibellia Powdrell, parents: John
Powdrell and Eliz. Bennet
||Death of Sibellia, wife of Thomas
Powdrell. (burial recorded).
Birth of (7xGGF) Thomas Powdrell, parents: John
Powdrell and Eliz Bennet.
|| [Accession of
||Marriage, at Castle Donnington, of (8xGGF)
John Knowles and Margerie Howson.
||Death of Thomas Powdrell Snr (burial
||Triplets: Robert, Mary & Elizabeth
(all died), parents: John Powdrell and Elizabeth Bennet.
(All three baptised, 20th, buried 21st)
||Birth of John Powdrell, parents:
John Powdrell and Elizabeth Bennett.
|[Execution of Charles