The cycle of justice. The cycle begins with an incident that leads to a crime or event and then the offender is punished. This punishment may be a fine, jail time and ends when the perpetrator is convicted or exonerated. There are four stages in this process: arrest, prosecution, adjudication (trial), and punishment. These steps may overlap one another as they progress from beginning to end. In addition to these steps, there are two others that occur before a criminal act takes place: prevention and recidivism- both of which should hopefully prevent future crimes from happening
The first step in the cycle starts with an incident leading up to a crime being committed by someone who has been arrested for committing said crime. The second step is, the perpetrator is prosecuted and in order for them to be found guilty, they must have been convicted. The third step, adjudication, or trial takes place where a judge determines if there were any violations of the law. Fourth stage: punishment- this can include fines that are imposed by the court as well as sentencing which may involve jail time.